Author Topic: What are Scarce Skills?  (Read 1009 times)

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What are Scarce Skills?
« on: August 20, 2015, 01:01:05 PM »
Scarce and Critical Skills

The Framework for Identifying and Monitoring Scarce and Critical Skills (2005, p. 6) describes scarce skills as “those occupations in which there is a scarcity of qualified and experienced people, currently or anticipated in the future, either (a) because such skilled people are not available or (b) they are available but do not meet employment criteria”. The framework further provides a distinction between absolute and relative scarcity.

Absolute scarcity refers to suitably skilled people who are not available in the labour market to meet a skills shortage and may be due to any new or emerging occupation, lack of suitably qualified people or insufficient numbers of people enrolled in programmes to meet the new demands. Relative scarcity refers to suitably skilled people available in the labour market but who may not necessarily have a high level of work experience, may not be located within a specific geographical location and equity considerations. Scarcity often manifests itself in an inability to fill positions over prolonged periods of time, above average growth in remuneration and the inability of small organisations and rural areas to attract skilled people.


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Re: What are Scarce Skills?
« Reply #1 on: August 20, 2015, 01:10:45 PM »
SCARCE SKILLS refer to those occupations in which there are a scarcity of qualified and experienced people, currently or anticipated in the future, either (a) because such skilled people are not available or (b) they are available but do not meet employment criteria. This scarcity can arise from one or a combination of the following, grouped as relative or absolute:

Absolute scarcity: suitably skilled people are not available, for example:
A new or emerging occupation, where there are few, if any, people in the country with the requisite skills (qualification and experience) and where education and training providers have yet to develop learning programmes to meet the skills requirements. In this instance, firms, sectors and even the country are unable to implement planned growth strategies and are experiencing productivity, service delivery and quality problems directly attributable to a lack of skilled people.
Replacement demand would reflect an absolute scarcity where there are no people enrolled or engaged in the process of acquiring the skills that need to be replaced.

Relative scarcity: suitably skilled people are available but do not meet other employment criteria, such as:
Geographical location, where there are qualified people, but they are unwilling to work outside of urban areas.
Equity considerations, where there are few, if any, candidates with the requisite skills (qualifications and experience) from specific groups available to meet the skills requirements of firms and enterprises.

Replacement demand would reflect a relative scarcity if there are people in education and training (formal and work-place) who are in the process of acquiring the necessary skills (qualification and experience) but where the lead time will mean that they are not available in the short term to meet replacement demand.

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Re: What are Scarce Skills?
« Reply #2 on: August 20, 2015, 01:28:41 PM »
In short.

Critical Skills: GAP's can be filled with short courses. (Accredited or not accredited).

Scare Skills: GAP's can only be filled with Qualifications, Degrees. This is occupations/jobs that needs to be filled.
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